Jesus Presented at the Temple

Luke 2:21-40 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Jesus Presented at the Temple
21 And when eight days had passed, before His circumcision, His name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.

22 And when the days for their purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought Him up to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male that opens the womb shall be called holy to the Lord”), 24 and to offer a sacrifice according to what was said in the Law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.”

From NetBible Lk 2:22

  • * It was Mary’s purification that was required by law, forty days after the birth (Lev 12:2-4). However, it is possible that Joseph shared in a need to be purified by having to help with the birth or that they also dedicated the child as a first born (Exod 13:2), which would also require a sacrifice that Joseph would bring. Luke’s point is that the parents followed the law. They were pious.

From NetBible Lk 2:24

  • * The offering of a pair of doves or two young pigeons, instead of a lamb, speaks of the humble roots of Jesus’ family – they apparently could not afford the expense of a lamb. Lev 12:8; 5:11 => This offering was for purification, a sin offering

25 And there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and this man was righteous and devout, looking for the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 

From NetBible Lk 2:25

  • Simeon[4826]=harkening
  • The restoration of Israel refers to Simeon’s hope that the Messiah would come and deliver the nation (Isa 40:1; 49:13; 51:3; 57:18; 61:2)
  •  Once again, by mentioning the Holy Spirit, Luke stresses the prophetic enablement of a speaker. The Spirit has fallen on both men (Zechariah, 1:67) and women (Elizabeth, 1:41) in Luke 1–2 as they share the will of the Lord.

26 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ. 27 And he came in the Spirit into the temple; and when the parents brought in the child Jesus, to carry out for Him the custom of the Law, 28 then he took Him into his arms, and blessed God, and said, 29 “Now Lord, You are releasing Your bond-servant to depart in peace, according to Your word;
30 For my eyes have seen Your salvation,
31 Which You have prepared in the presence of all peoples,
32 A Light of revelation to the Gentiles,
And the glory of Your people Israel.”

From NetBible Lk 2:29

  • *This short prophetic declaration{hymn of Simeon} is sometimes called the Nunc dimittis, which comes from the opening phrase of the saying in Latin, “now dismiss,” a fairly literal translation of the Greek verb ἀπολύεις (apolueis, “now release”) in this verse.
  • Undoubtedly the background for the concept of being the Lord’s slave or servant is to be found in the Old Testament scriptures. For a Jew this concept did not connote drudgery, but honor and privilege. It was used of national Israel at times (Isa 43:10), but was especially associated with famous OT personalities, including such great men as Moses (Josh 14:7), David (Ps 89:3; cf. 2 Sam 7:5, 8) and Elijah (2 Kgs 10:10); all these men were “servants (or slaves) of the Lord.”

From NetBible Lk 2:30

  • *To see Jesus, the Messiah, is to see God’s salvation.

33 And His father and mother were amazed at the things which were being said about Him. 34 And Simeon blessed them and said to Mary His mother, “Behold, this Child is appointed for the fall and rise of many in Israel, and for a sign to be opposed— 35 and a sword will pierce even your own soul—to the end that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.”

From NetBible Lk 2:34

  • * The phrase the falling and rising of many emphasizes that Jesus will bring division in the nation, as some will be judged (falling) and others blessed (rising) because of how they respond to him. The language is like Is 8:14-15{stumbling block} and conceptually like Is 28:13-16{cornerstone}. Here is the first hint that Jesus’ coming will be accompanied with some difficulties.

From Zondervan KJV Study Bible Lk 2:34

  • The falling and rising of many=>Christ raises up those who believe in Him, but is a stumbling block/ rock of offense for those who disbelieve(1Pe 2:6-8; 1Co 1:23; Lk 20:17-18).

From NetBible Lk 2:35

  • *The remark the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed shows that how people respond to Jesus indicates where their hearts really are before God.
  • *A sword will pierce even your own soul=> 
    =>The King’s sword(1Ki 3:24) pierces even the purest of souls (Mary)
    =>The sword(word of God) judges, reveals
    … and divides –Eph 6:17;He 4:12-13
    Hearts embracing Christ and His word revealed
    Hearts secretly corrupt also revealed
    … to the one an aroma of death,
    … to another an aroma of life. –2Co 2:15-16

36 And there was a prophetess, Anna the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years and had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage, 37 and then as a widow to the age of eighty-four. She never left the temple, serving night and day with fastings and prayers. 38 At that very moment she came up and began giving thanks to God, and continued to speak of Him to all those who were looking for the redemption of Jerusalem.

From NetBible Lk 2:36

  • Anna[451]=grace; means the same as Hannah[02584]=>Anna praised God for the child Jesus as Hannah praised for the child Samuel(1Sa 2:1-10)
  • Anna the daughter of Phanuel[5323]the face of God
  •  tribe of Asher[768]= blessed

Return to Nazareth
39 When they had performed everything according to the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee, to their own city of Nazareth. 40 The Child continued to grow and become strong, increasing in wisdom; and the grace of God was upon Him.