Notes 2-13

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From http://miscellaneousmusings-x.blogspot.com/2011/01/lessons-from-leviticus-salt-of-covenant.html

“And every offering of your grain offering you shall season with salt; you shall not allow the salt of the covenant of your God to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your offerings you shall offer salt.” Leviticus 2:13

Salt is a natural preservative. It prevents food from spoiling. In the same way that yeast is associated with contamination, salt is associated with purification.

… Yes, He’s telling Israel to offer sacrifices, but He’s also telling them that the sacrifices are useless if they are offered in sin (with yeast) or apart from being pure (without salt).

“You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt loses its flavor, how shall it be seasoned? It is then good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men.” Mathew 5:13

In other words, what good are believers if they look and act just like the unbelieving world around them? Believers are to have a preserving influence on the wicked culture in which they live.

… What about the covenant of salt? In acting as a preservative and preventing food from spoiling, salt extends food’s shelf-life. This imagery when applied to the covenant God made with His people emphasizes the long-lasting nature of the covenant, as opposed to it being a short-term agreement.

“My covenant I will not break, nor alter the word that has gone out of My lips.” Psalm 89:34

So the “salt of the covenant” was an object lesson to Israel on multiple levels reminding them of God’s everlasting promise to deliver His people and in return of His desire for their obedience.
***

Leviticus 4:26He shall burn all the fat on the altar as he burned the fat of the fellowship offering. In this way the priest will make atonement for the leader’s sin, and he will be forgiven.

From Key Word Bible p140:
One of the enduring problems in Christian biblical scholarship is whether or not complete atonement for sins was possible under OT laws. This passage gives no indication that atonement and forgiveness were not complete.

In Hebrews the connection between blood sacrifice and forgiveness in the law is acknowledged.

Hebrews 9:22And according to the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.

However it also denies that animal sacrifice could ever take away sin.

Hebrews 10:4,11For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. … Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins;

This regards OT forgiveness as either incomplete or in anticipation of Jesus’ final solution for sin because it asserted that the effects of Jesus’ sacrifice went back to those under the first covenant as well as forward.

Hebrews 9:15For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

Related:
Gracious Winsome Speech

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