The Temptation of Jesus

Luke 4:1-13 New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Temptation of Jesus
1 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led around by the Spirit in the wilderness 2 for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days, and when they had ended, He became hungry. 3 And the devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread.” 4 And Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.’”

From Zondervan KJV Study Bible

  • v3: The devil always tempts where vulnerable and makes the temptation attractive.
    => Mt 4:3: Jesus is tempted to use His powers for His own ends
  • v4: Dt 8:3: Jesus will live by doing God’s will, and will take no shortcuts=> not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD.
    => Mt 4:4: Jesus relied on His Father; not His own miraculous power for the provision of food; His food was to do the will of the father who sent him (Jn 4:34)

5 And he led Him up and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6 And the devil said to Him, “I will give You all this domain and its glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish. 7 Therefore if You worship before me, it shall all be Yours.” 8 Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.’”

From Zondervan KJV Study Bible

  • v7: The devil was tempting Jesus to avoid the suffering of the cross, which He came specifically to endure as a ransom for many(Mk 10:45)
  • v8: Worship and serve God alone
    => Dt 6:13,10:20: Fear the Lord alone

9 And he led Him to Jerusalem and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here; 10 for it is written,

‘He will command His angels concerning You to guard You,’
11 and,

‘On their hands they will bear You up,
So that You will not strike Your foot against a stone.’”
12 And Jesus answered and said to him, “It is said, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’”

13 When the devil had finished every temptation, he left Him until an opportune time.

From Zondervan KJV Study Bible

  • v9: Satan was tempting Jesus to test God’s faithfulness and to attract public attention dramatically
  • v10-11: Satan misuses Ps 91:11-12
  • v12: Dt 6:16: Do not put the Lord to the test
  • v13: Ja 4:7So submit(humble) yourselves before God. Resist the Devil, and he will flee from you. 

Not by Bread Alone{blog}